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    捷克“会跳舞的房子”照明赏析

    来源:www.zgzmlh.com 发布时间:2020-09-11 返回

           这座被人称为“跳舞的房子”(Dancing House,捷克语Tan?ící d?m)的建筑位于捷克首都布拉格市中心的沃尔塔瓦河河畔。由著名建筑大 师弗兰克·盖里和捷克当地建筑师 Vlado Miluni? 联合设计于1992年,并在1996年建成。

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    ▲建筑夜景

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    ▲建筑日景

    项目简介:

    Project Description:

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    ▲地理位置

    这座被人称为“跳舞的房子”(Dancing House,捷克语Tan?ící d?m)的建筑位于捷克首都布拉格市中心的沃尔塔瓦河河畔。由著名建筑大 师弗兰克·盖里和捷克当地建筑师 Vlado Miluni? 联合设计于1992年,并在1996年建成。

    This building, known as the "Dancing House" (Tan?ící d?m in Czech), is located on the banks of the Voltava River in the center of Prague, the Czech capital. It was jointly designed by the famous architect Frank Gehry and the local Czech architect Vlado Miluni? in 1992 and completed in 1996.

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    ▲建筑实景

    建筑外观奇特,采用的是解构主义风格,形状扭曲,不使用直线,颇有西班牙建筑大师高迪的风范。但因为前卫的设计和标新立异的建筑风格,使得它与布拉格的其他建筑形成鲜明对比,形成强烈的反差,所以一时让人难以接受。

    建筑在当年建成后,一度被列为世界上最奇葩建筑之一。

    同时也获得了美国《时代》杂志评选年度设计大奖。

    The building has a peculiar appearance, using a deconstructive style, with twisted shapes and no straight lines, which is quite the style of Spanish architect Gaudi. But because of the avant-garde design and unconventional architectural style, it is in sharp contrast with other buildings in Prague, forming a strong contrast, so it is difficult to accept for a while.

    After the building was completed that year, it was once listed as one of the most wonderful buildings in the world.

    At the same time, he also won the annual design award of the American "Time" magazine.

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    ▲对比图

    建筑所处的地块颇具历史渊源,二战期间,美国所在的盟军在对德国的德累斯顿(距布拉格134千米开外)进行大规模空袭的时候误炸了布拉格,造成了此地块原先建筑的毁坏。场地保持废墟状很长的时间,直到战争结束十几年后的1960年才进行全面的修整。巧合的是,该地块的旁边地块及住宅就是后来成为捷克共和国首任总统的瓦茨拉夫·哈维尔的家族所共有,而哈维尔本人,也曾在此处住过相当长的时间(从童年开始到90年代中)。

    The plot where the building is located has a historical origin. During World War II, the Allied forces of the United States accidentally bombed Prague during a large-scale air raid on Dresden, Germany (134 kilometers away from Prague), causing this plot. The destruction of the original building. The site remained in ruins for a long time, and it was not fully renovated until 1960, more than a decade after the end of the war. Coincidentally, the plot and house next to the plot were shared by the family of Vaclav Havel, who later became the first president of the Czech Republic, and Havel himself had lived here for a long time ( From childhood to mid-90s).

    建筑特点:

    Architectural features:

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    ▲建筑设计灵感

    建筑灵感来自于上世纪三四十年代美国好莱坞著名歌舞剧明星弗雷德·阿斯泰尔和金洁·罗杰斯。两人合作上演了多部轻歌曼舞的喜剧电影,其柔软的舞姿和不失现代感的利落风格曾令无数影迷为之倾倒。

    The architecture is inspired by the famous American Hollywood musical stars Fred Astaire and Jinjie Rogers in the 1930s and 1940s. The two co-produced a number of comedy movies about light singing and dancing, and their soft dancing posture and modern and neat style have once attracted countless movie fans.

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    ▲建筑实景

    建筑外墙是由 99 片形状、大小各不相同的预铸混凝土板所构成,墙面经过灰泥处理,墙上细部线条与邻栋建筑相呼应。整个建筑造型充满曲线韵律,蜿延扭转的双塔就像是两人相拥而舞,转角双塔在本质上属于扭曲变形的圆柱体,其中玻璃帷幕、看起来轻盈、穿著蓬裙、有腰身的,象征女舞者(金洁)。而混凝土外墙、看起来厚实、有稳健轮廓的,象征男舞者(弗雷德),楼顶的半球形玻璃餐厅是他的礼帽,在 4 层处陡然伸出的、也是整幢大楼中惟一的出挑阳台,仿佛是弗雷德搂住金洁腰的那只手。

    The exterior wall of the building is composed of 99 pieces of precast concrete slabs of different shapes and sizes. The walls are treated with plaster, and the detailed lines on the walls echo the neighboring buildings. The whole building is full of curve and rhythm. The twisting twin towers are like two people embracing and dancing. The corner twin towers are essentially twisted and deformed cylinders. The glass curtain looks light, wears a skirt and has a waist. , Symbolizing the female dancer (Jin Jie). The concrete exterior wall, which looks thick and has a steady outline, symbolizes the male dancer (Fred). The hemispherical glass restaurant on the top of the building is his top hat. It is also in the entire building that suddenly protrudes from the fourth floor. The only protruding balcony seemed to be Fred's hand holding Jin Jie's waist.

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    ▲建筑实景

    女舞者的裙摆则是由玻璃和钢架所做成,而支撑著玻璃塔楼的是好几组弧形柱子,像是翩然飞舞的美 腿。所以这栋大楼也被称为"弗雷德与金洁(Fred and Ginger)"。

    The skirts of the female dancers are made of glass and steel frames, and the glass tower is supported by several sets of arc-shaped pillars, like beautiful dancing legs. So this building is also called "Fred and Ginger".

    照明理念:

    Lighting concept

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    ▲建筑夜景

    光之漫舞

    Dance of Light

    抹去偏见,历经时间沉淀,灯光正和布拉格一起,将浪漫气质演绎到底。灯光平时表现为静止、素雅的暖光,每逢节日都会进行色彩变换,仿佛为建筑穿上多姿、时尚的礼服,在布拉格沃尔塔瓦河河畔翩翩起舞,成为布拉格一道靓丽的风景线。

    Erasing the prejudice, after the precipitation of time, the lights are working with Prague to show the romantic temperament to the end. The lights usually appear as static and elegant warm light. Every festival changes colors, as if putting on colorful and fashionable dresses for the buildings, dancing on the banks of the Voltava River in Prague, becoming a beautiful landscape in Prague.

    照明专项研究:

    Special lighting research:

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    ▲建筑夜景

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    ▲灯光层次示意

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    ▲灯光实景

    建筑灯光主要分为三部分来表现:

    Architectural lighting is mainly divided into three parts to show:

    1. 建筑右侧向下投光照明

    Downward lighting on the right side of the building

    在建筑顶部明装投光灯,向下照亮建筑立面,突显建筑立体感与挺拔感,与建筑“男舞者”端正、高大的设计精神完 美契合。

    Floodlights are installed on the top of the building to illuminate the facade of the building downwards, highlighting the three-dimensional and upright sense of the building, which is in perfect harmony with the upright and tall design spirit of the building "male dancer".

    2. 建筑左侧向上投光照明

    Upward lighting on the left side of the building

    在建筑左侧弧形柱子外立面设置投光灯,向上照亮立柱立面,与右侧向下灯光形成对比,暖色的灯光与建筑内透互相交映,突显建筑“女舞者”衣袂飘飘、婀娜多姿的精神姿态。

    Projection lights are installed on the outer facade of the arc-shaped column on the left side of the building to illuminate the column facade upwards, which contrasts with the downward light on the right side. The warm light and the interior of the building reflect each other, highlighting the architectural “female dancer” clothing The graceful and graceful spirit posture.

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    ▲灯光示意图

    3. 建筑顶部投光照明

    Flood lighting on the top of the building

    在楼顶酒吧内部设置投光灯,向上照亮建筑金属结构,在夜间,灯光从内部向外发散,如若舞者的皇冠一般璀璨夺目。

    Set up spotlights inside the roof bar to illuminate the metal structure of the building upwards. At night, the lights radiate from the inside out, like a dancer's crown.

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    ▲建筑夜景

    灯光可随节日、活动等需求进行颜色变化,宛若“舞者”在舞台上身着不同的晚礼服翩翩起舞,演绎着不同故事里的心绪。

    The lighting can be changed in color according to the needs of festivals, events, etc., just like "dancers" dancing on the stage in different evening dresses, interpreting the mood in different stories.

    设计感悟:

    Design inspiration:

    时间成为衡量一切的最好标准。当一切尘埃落定,这栋建筑魅力犹存。在夜晚,人们进入街区的第一眼,无一不被这样标新立异烈的夜景效果所震撼。光,无论是内涵还是功能性的运用,都将建筑形象甚至精神意义完  美体现,从而,也使人们对布拉格留下深刻印象,抹去了偏见。

    Time becomes the best measure of everything. When all the dust settles, the charm of this building remains. At night, the first time people enter the block, they are all shocked by such an extraordinary night scene effect. Light, whether it is the connotation or the use of functionality, perfectly reflects the architectural image and even the spiritual meaning, thus making people impressed with Prague and erasing prejudice.

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